The chapters of Isaiah 52 and 53 are full of prophecies that proclaim key Christian doctrines that are the foundation of Christianity. All of these prophecies concern the Messiah, Jesus Christ, who is the Lord and Savior of all who call themselves Christians. What is remarkable is that the book of Isaiah was written almost 700 years before the birth of Jesus Christ. Below is a list of thirty-Five Christian doctrines. These doctrines were first proclaimed in the chapters of Isaiah 52 and 53. These Christian doctrines were then 700 years later confirmed by Jesus’ ministry as recorded in the Bible’s New Testament.
1. Faith in the Messiah Brings Salvation and Holiness (Isaiah 52:1, John 3:16, Acts 26:18).
Isiah 52:1, “Awake, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion; put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city: for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean.”
2. Eternal Reign of the Messiah (Isaiah 52:13, Isaiah 9:7, Revelation 11:15, Matthew 25:31-46, Luke 1:32-33, 1st Corinthians 15:24-28, Ephesians 1:10, 2:7; 3:11, Revelation 20:1-10, 22:4-5).
3. Exaltation After Suffering (Isaiah 52:13-14, Luke 18:14, Matthew 23:12, Luke 14:11, Philippians 2:5-11, Hebrews 5:8-9).
4. Salvation of All Nations. (Isaiah 52:15, Romans 15:12).
5. Extreme Sufferings of Messiah (Isaiah 52:14, John 19:1).
6. Submission of Earth Rulers to the Messiah (Isaiah 52:15, 1st Corinthians 15:24.
Isaiah 52:13-15, “13 Behold, my servant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high. 14 As many were astonied at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men: 15 So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for that which had not been told them shall they see; and that which they had not heard shall they consider.”
7. God’s Arm (Power) Revealed But Not All Believe. (Isaiah 53:1, John 12:37-38, Rom. 10:16).
8. His Rejection of Men (Isaiah 53:3, John 1:11, John 8:48, 10:20).
9. Humanity of the Messiah (Isaiah 53:4, Matthew 8:17, John 1:14, John 1:10, Philippians 2:7).
10. Chastening for Disobedience. (Isaiah 53:4, Romans 1:18, Romans 6:23).
Isaiah 53:1-4, “1 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed? 2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. 3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. 4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.”
11. Messiah made sin and made sick for men (Isaiah 53:4-5,10)
12. Messiah our Sickness Bearer (Isaiah 53:5, Matthew 8:17, 1st Peter 2:24).
13. Christ our Healer (Isaiah 53:5, Matthew 9:35, Acts 10:38, Matthew 4:23).
14. Healing Atonement Through the Stripes of Messiah (Isaiah 53:5, 1st Peter 2:24, 1st Corinthians 15:3, Galatians 1:4, Matthew 26:28, Acts 20:28).
15. Peace Through Chastening (Isaiah 53:5, Hebrews 12:11).
16. Fall of Man (Isaiah 53:6, Romans 5:12-21).
17. Messiah the Sin Bearer and Sin Offering (Isaiah 53:5-6,8,10-12).
18. Patience and humility in suffering (Isaiah 53:7).
19. Death the sin penalty (Isaiah 53:5,8,10).
20. Substitution (Isaiah 53:8, 2nd Corinthians 5:21, Romans 4:25, 1st John 4:10).
21. Messiah suffered unjustly (Isaiah 53:8).
Isaiah 53:5-8, “5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. 7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth. 8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.”
22. Messiah Being a Sacrificial Offering for Man’s Sin. (Isaiah 53:10, Hebrews 10:10, 1st Peter 3:18, Hebrews 9:26, John 1:29, Revelation 5:9).
23. Wickedness of man (Isaiah 53:9).
24. Burial of the Messiah (Isaiah 53:9).
25. Sinlessness of Messiah (Isiah 53:9,11).
26. God’s Plan Guaranteed of Fulfillment by the Messiah (Isaiah 53:10).
27. Spiritual posterity of Messiah (Isaiah 53:10).
28. Resurrection of Messiah (Isaiah 53:11).
29. Soul travail (Isaiah 53:11, Romans 8:26).
30. Atonement for Sin (Isaiah 53:11, Hebrews 9:22, Romans 5:11, 1st Corinthians 15:3, Romans 3:24, Colossians 1:20, 2nd Corinthians 5:21, 1st John 2:2).
31. Sufferings Necessary to Redeem Men. (Isaiah 53:11,Galatians 1:4).
32. Justification by Faith and Knowledge of God’s Son (Isaiah 53:11, Romans 5:1-11).
33. Death of Messiah Necessary to Atone for Sin (Isaiah 53:12, Matthew 26:28, 1st John 4:10, Philippians 2:8, Hebrews 2:9).
34. Victory Over Satanic Powers (Isaiah 53:12).
35. Ministry of intercession (Isaiah 53:12).
Isaiah 53:9-12, “9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth. 10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. 11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. 12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.”
Source: Dake’s Annotated Reference Bible.